For a short time Tucson, Arizona (specifically Mt. Lemmon) was home of a relatively unknown civil rights activist during WWII. His name was One such Gordon Hirabayshi. He was a Japanese-American who refused to submit to Executive Order 9066, which called for the forced evacuation of anyone with 1/6th or more Japanese blood from the Western states and interned in concentration camps.
Gordon who was a stout pacifist and ignored the curfew that stated all people of Japanese ancestry be home by 8 pm. He also refused to register for internment imposed by the Executive Order and was arrested. Gordon fought the ruling, but lost all his appeals.
He wanted to work outside and received approval to move to the Catalina Federal Honor Camp from the Washington site he was interned at, but federal authorities refused to pay for his trip. Gordon hitchhiked his way to Tucson. When he arrived, the prison could not find his papers and Gordon went out to dinner and a movie while they found them.
The camp never had any walls to keep the inmates from escaping. Painted white line and stern words were the only things used to keep the prisoners inside.
Gordon served out his time at the camp and after the war, went on to become a professor of sociology. In 1987 a Federal Appeals Court unanimously overturned Gordon's conviction and in his honor, the old prison camp was renamed the Gordon Hirabayshi Recreation Site.
Click here for a map of the prison site.
Click here for more information on the Catalina Federal Honor Camp.
Click here for a NYT article on Gordon Hirabayshi.
Click here for an Arizona Trail Association newsletter containing Gordon Hirabayshi.